Celticism and Internationalism in the circle of Partick Geddes. Visual Culture in Britain 6.2 (2005): 69-83.EBSCOhost Art Full Text. Web. Permalink for the article
Macdonald’s essay considers not only Patrick Geddes’s advocacy for cultural revival within European communities, but his international network with Indian activists as well. His essay begins with the argument that The Arts and Crafts Congress of 1889 triggered a shift in Geddes’s thinking from local philanthropy to larger cultural projects. Many notable figures attended this meeting, such as Walter Crane, William Morris, and John Honeyman (who had connections to Rennie Mackintosh). Geddes, Macdonald notes, was an early supporter of Mackintosh’s work and would commission his designs for projects he wanted to carry out in India. The essay uses this instance of The Congress to launch into analysis of how Geddes’s urban planning and his work on The Evergreen was informed not only by his background as a scientist and sociologist, but by his encounters with the international network of cultural revivalists. By studying the connections between Geddes’s beliefs of visuals as tools to disseminate the ideas of cultural revival and the other key visionaries of the time, Macdonald furthers the discussion of the Celtic and Scottish revival’s visual rhetoric.