Hannah, Julian. “Manifestoes at Dawn: Nation, City, and Self in Patrick Geddes and William Sharp’s Evergreen.” International Journal of Scottish Literature 8 (2011): 1-15. Web.
Julian Hannah provides a retrospective analysis of The Evergreen and the relatively minor role it had as part of Patrick Geddes’s and William Sharp’s lives, despite both editors’ manifestoes being embedded within the periodical. He argues that the magazine was generally neglected, but later greatly influenced Hugh MacDiarmid’s late Scottish Renascence in the mid-twentieth century. Hannah situates The Evergreen as a transition away from the pervading decadence of the nineteenth century, yet recognizes Sharp’s unusual expression of his national and sexual identities in his alter-ego Fiona Macleod. Overall, this essay is an elaborate account of the dual Sharp/Macleod presence, and serves in recognizing the different genders and nationalities in the visual art and prose of the Scottish magazine.