The Pre-Raphaelite Movement or Brotherhood was officially founded in 1848 by William Holman Hunt, John Everett Millais and Dante Gabriel Rossetti. Its founders identified it as a reformation movement, even publishing a periodical titled The Germ, which expressed their ideas and form of art. The Brotherhood was short-lived, lasting less than five years, however the view on art did influence painting, and decorative arts in Britain.
The outlook on art from a Pre-Raphaelite perspective is against a mechanistic approach to art — alike to Renaissance art during the time of Raphael. Instead they were influenced by art preceding Raphael from the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries. The main influence was paintings that contained sharp, bright colours, clear atmosphere, and recurrently a depiction of nature.
There was also a goal for a more natural process, in which live models were ideal as well as the inclusion of outdoor spaces or more typical poses for figures. This was in response to more static or statuesque posing in many Renaissance paintings. Another aspect is that of depicting literary or religious figures in visual art such as paintings that typically included near-photographic reproduction of small details. (Such as textures and shapes)
Additional contemporaries influenced by this movement include: William Morris, Christina Rossetti, Edward Burne-Jones, and Frederick Sandys.
“Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.” Encyclopedia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc, March 16, 2001, https://www.britannica.com/art/Pre-Raphaelite-Brotherhood
“Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood Founded.” BRANCH Collective, BRANCH, September 21, 2020, https://www.branchcollective.org/?ps_event=1589